Rockfish

From RecFIN
Jump to: navigation, search

Rockfish of California

IDENTIFICATION: KEY FEATURES BY SPECIES

Common Name Character 1 Character 2 Character 3 Range
Bank Rockfish small black spots on dusky red background Lateral-line in bright red zone fin membranes black Isla Guadalupe, Baja CA to Queen Charlotte Sound, B.C
Black & Yellow Rockfish Body black large yellow spots six soft rays Natividad Isl., Baja CA to Eureka, CA
Black Rockfish Maxilla extends to or past posterior of eye round anal fin white lateral line Paradise Cove, CA to Amchitka Island, AK
Blue Rockfish Maxilla extends to mid-eye Squared anal fin lateral line dark Punta Santo Tomas, Baja CA to Sitka Straight, AK
Boccacio Rockfish Maxilla extends to or past posterior of eye 9 anal soft rays laterally compressed Punta Blanca, Baja CA to Stepovak Bay, AK
Bronzespotted Rockfish mouth upturned 2 clear orange areas below soft dorsal fin dark bronze bars radiate from eyes Punta Colnett, Baja CA to Monterey Bay, CA
Brown Rockfish brownish red spot posterior edge of operculum deep bodied squat body shape fins pinkish red Bahia Tortugas, Baja CA to S.E. AK
Calico Rockfish dark broad oblique/diagonal bands on sides interband space mottled strong head spines San Viscano Bay, Baja, CA to San Francisco
California Scorpionfish 12 dorsal spines palantine teeth present venomous spines Santa Cruz, CA to Uncle Sam Bank, Baja CA
Canary Rockfish underside of mandibles smooth lateral line in clear zone fish under 14" black spot in posterior portion of spinous dorsal fin Punta Colnett, Baja CA to Shelikof Straight, AK
Chameleon Rockfish anterior lachrymal spine with several points prominent dentigerous knobs whitish pink when 1st caught then turns crimson Newport Beach, CA to Pt. St. George, CA
Chilipepper Rockfish Maxilla extends to mid-eye Lateral-line in bright red zone 8 anal soft rays Bahia Magdalena, Baja CA to Queen Charlotte Sound, B.C
China Rockfish continuous yellow stripe from 3rd/4th dorsal spine to caudal fin body black with white/yellow spotting 7 anal rays Redondo Beach, CA to Kachemak Bay, S.E. AK
Copper Rockfish posterior 2/3s of lateral line clear white belly copper color on white (to reddish) background Punta Banda, Baja CA to Port Valdez, AK
Cowcod Rockfish 4-5 narrow bars deeply incised dorsal fin rays "roman nose" head shape Punta Colnett, Baja CA to Newport, OR
Flag Rockfish white body with red bars 1st red bar remains on operculum 17 pectoral rays Arrecife Sacramento, Baja CA to Hecata Bank, OR
Freckled Rockfish dentigerous knobs on premaxillaries body densely freckled with dark green spots stripes in caudal fin membranes Punta San Roque, Baja CA to Point Conception, CA
Gopher Rockfish Body light brown to dark brown pale white to flesh colored spots brown forked bar extending posterior from eye San Roque, Baja CA to Cape Blanco, OR
Grass Rockfish 1st arch gill rakers blunt deep bodied squat body shape no scales on mandibles Bahia Playa Maria , Baja CA to Yaquina Bay, Oregon
Greenblotched Rockfish green wavy lines Not spots with large pale blotches dorsally 17 pectoral rays scales on mandibles Banco Ranger, Baja CA to Point Delgada, CA
Greenspotted Rockfish 17 pectoral rays underside of mandibles smooth many round bright green spots Cedros Island, Baja CA to Copalis Head, Washington
Greenstriped Rockfish 3-4 horizontal broken green stripes body elongate pink lateral line Punta Colnett, Baja CA to Chirikof Isl., AK
Halfbanded Rockfish 2 large dark saddles streaks on caudal fin 2 sharp spines on lower edge of gill cover Bahia de Sebastian Vizcaino, Baja CA to northern WA
Honeycomb Rockfish honeycomb pattern on sides dark borders on scales, light middle of scale 1-4 pale patches dorsally Bahia San Juanico, Baja CA to Point Pinos, CA
Kelp Rockfish 1st arch gill rakers long and thin deep bodied squat body shape scales on mandibles Islas San Benito, Baja CA to Albion, CA
Longspine Thornyhead Rockfish gill cavity black 16 dorsal spines, 4 and 5 long bilobed pectoral fin Cabo San Lucas, Baja CA to Shumigan Island, AK
Mexican Rockfish black and red Lateral-line in bright red zone flat spine below anterior margin of eye Bahia Magdalena, Baja CA to Point Sur, CA
Olive Rockfish 9 anal soft rays no reddish brown speckling on scales fin membranes dull Islas San Benito, Baja CA to southern OR
Quillback Rockfish two tone, black posterior yellow-orange anterior very long/tall dorsal spines deeply notched dorsal fin membrane Anacapa Isl, CA to Kenai Peninsula, Gulf of AK
Redbanded Rockfish 4 dark red bars upon white background 1st bar mostly on body, not operculum pectoral fin rays 19-20 San Diego, CA, to Bering Sea
Redstripe Rockfish lateral line gray bordered with red strong forward directed symphyseal knob 6-7 anal rays southern Baja CA to Pribilof Isl, AK
Rosethorn Rockfish no purple bar across nape 16 pectoral rays white spots not bordered with purple Banco Ranger, Baja CA to Sitkinak Island, Gulf of AK
Rosy Rockfish purple bar on nape 17 pectoral rays white spots bordered with purple Bahia Tortugas, Baja CA to Straight of Juan de Fuca, WA
Shortspine Thornyhead Rockfish gill cavity light with 1 black spot (maybe) 15 dorsal spines, 3 is longest bilobed pectoral fin Isla Cedros, Baja CA to Bering Sea
Speckled Rockfish body covered in black speckling 2 lachrymal spines directed posteriorly no angular blotches Punta Colnett, Baja CA to northern WA
Squarespot Rockfish 2nd anal spine > than 1st angular blotches above lateral line weak head spines Bahia San Quintin, Baja CA to southern OR
Starry Rockfish red body w/ white spots mandibles without scales (usually) 3-5 white blotches Banco Thetis, Baja CA to Cordell Bank, CA
Stripetail Rockfish caudal fin membranes with green stripes pinkish body color whitish ventral Bahia de Sebastian Vizcaino, Baja CA to Yakutat Bay, AK
Swordspine Rockfish lower jaw projects with Knob 2nd Anal spine longer than soft rays orange red with 3-5 pale spots on dorsal Isla Guadalupe, Baja CA to San Francisco, CA
Tiger Rockfish red body color black bars strong head spines Tanner/Cortez Banks, CA to Marmot Bay, AK
Tree Rockfish yellow body color black bars pink/red lips Arrecife Sacramento, Baja CA to Tomales Pt, CA
Vemilion Rockfish underside of mandibles rough fin edges black lateral line non-distinct Isla San Benito, Caja CA to Vancouver Island, Canada
Widow Rockfish anal, pectoral, pelvic fins black mandible to middle of eye whitish belly with red Bahia de Todos Santos, Baja CA to Kodiak Island, AK
Yelloweye Rockfish yellow eye black edges to fins white anterior to posterior stripes in young Ensenada, Baja CA to Umnak Island, AK
Yellowtail Rockfish 8 anal soft rays reddish brown flecking on scales fin membranes yellow in young La Jolla, CA to Unalaska Island, AK

Rockfish General


CRFS: California Marine Fish Identification Reference